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A Project of the University of California Irvine Newkirk Center for Science & Society,
University of Michigan Law School & Michigan State University College of Law


How to use the Registry. First, scroll down until you s​ee the list of names. To sort any of the columns, place the cursor over a column heading, such as AGE, and click on the arrow. You can sort in alphabetical or chronological order or click on a particular value to select just the cases in that category. You can sort on more than one column or even multiple columns: such as STAT​E and COUNTY and CRIME.

The two columns with "Tags" in their labels allow you to sort cases by additional characteristics. At the top of the page, you will see the listing of the various Tags. To see more detailed definitions for these terms, hover over their full names or click on the links. You can only sort for one variable at a time in the TAG columns. To sort for several at once, please download our data as a spreadsheet.


OM Tags

  • PR: Prosecutor Misconduct
  • OF: Police Officer Misconduct
  • FA: Forensic Analyst Misconduct
  • CW: Child Welfare Worker Misconduct
  • WH: Withheld Exculpatory Evidence
  • NW: Misconduct That Is Not Withholding Evidence
  • KP: Knowingly Permitting Perjury
  • WT: Witnes​s Tampering Or Misconduct Interrogating Co-defendant
  • INT: Misconduct In Interrogation of Exoneree
  • PJ: Perjury By Official
  • PL: Prosecutor Lied In Court

The six columns on the far right of this page display separately the Contributing Factors that contributed to the wrongful conviction. To save space, we use abbreviations. To see definitions of these factors, click on their full names:

​Keyword Filter:

Connected to: National Registry of Exonerations

To search the Registry for a name or keyword, type in the [Search] box. The filter finds cases that contain any of the words you enter if you check Or, or all of them if you check And. Do not use quotation marks. It allows truncation, but not with truncation symbols such as * and !​

OM Tags
Count= 13
AmadorRudolph45HispanicNMUnionCV, NC, SAPR, NW, PLChild Sex Abuse3 years20192024P/FAOMILD
BallingerGene Curtis45WhiteNMGrantCDC, HPR, WHMurder9 years19811993P/FAOM
CampbellMacArthur40BlackNMBernalilloCV, NC, SAChild Sex Abuse4 years20032008P/FAF/MFE
ChavezMatthew26HispanicNMBernalilloCDC, NCMurder23 years and 6 months20182024P/FAF/MFE
EarnestRalph34WhiteNMEddyCDC, HMurderLife19832006P/FA
HobbsGregory22HispanicNMChavesH, IO, NCManslaughter7 years20132023DNAF/MFE
KneeEric69WhiteNMSanta FeCV, NC, SAChild Sex AbuseNot sentenced20172020P/FA
MaestasCharles39HispanicNMRio ArribaNC, SASexual Assault3 years20032007P/FAILD
MartinezBenny42HispanicNMEddyHMurder20 years19982001MWIDILD
McClaughertyCharles18WhiteNMBernalilloCDC, CV, HPR, WH, NW, KP, WT, PLMurderLife20012008P/FAOM
McDowellJohn "Jack"54WhiteNMSandovalCDC, HPR, NWMurder30 to Life20142019P/FAOMILD
MercerEllen46WhiteNMDona AnaF, NCFraudProbation20022006
SmithWilliam24WhiteNMBernalilloHPR, OF, WHMurderLife19781996P/FAF/MFEOM