All NRE reports represent a moment in time. For the most accurate data, please search on the Detailed View page. The website is updated daily, frequently with exonerations that occurred in the past.
Compensation For Exonerees: A Primer - 10 June 2022
Among the most frequently asked questions about exonerations are how, and how many, exonerees get compensated. While the Registry does not have complete data on compensation - which happens many years after we have already researched and posted the exoneration - we give a short primer on what we know about how exonerees get compensated for the years they spent wrongfully imprisoned.
Jeffrey S. Gutman, Are Federal Exonerees Paid? Lessons for the Drafting and Interpretation of Wrongful Conviction Compensation Statutes - November 2021
Jeffrey S. Gutman and Lingxiao Sun, Why is Mississippi the Best State in Which to be Exonerated? An Empirical Evaluation of State Statutory and Civil Compensation for the Wrongfully Convicted - Summer 2019
Jeffrey S. Gutman, An Empirical Reexamination of State Statutory Compensation for the Wrongly Convicted - 2017
Key Provisions in Wrongful Conviction Compensation Law - 2022Courtesy of the Innocence Project, an overview of compensation laws by type and state.
Compensation Statutes: A National Overview - 2 June 2022
A chart that outlines which states offer compensation for the wrongly convicted, and what the process in each state consists of.
Compensation by the Numbers: State Statutory Compensation - 25 September 2023
Thirty-eight states and the District of Columbia now have state wrongful conviction compensation statutes. How many exonerees listed in the Registry actually seek compensation under these statutes and how many are successful? How much money have states paid to exonerees listed in the Registry, what is the average amount paid per year of wrongful incarceration, and how many years lost have been subject to state compensation? Over the last several years, the Registry and Professor Jeffrey Gutman have collaborated on a state-by-state empirical research project to answer these questions and more. A summary of that data is provided in the accompanying table. HERE is an explanation of the spreadsheet.
Compensation by the Numbers: Federal Civil Rights Lawsuit Compensation -25 September 2023
Exonerees may also file civil rights and tort lawsuits seeking compensation for their wrongful convictions. How many do so and what have the results of those lawsuits been? This spreadsheet, which will be updated periodically, shows state-by-state the numbers of successful and unsuccessful lawsuits, the amount of compensation received by successful exonerees, the average annual amounts of such compensation and the number of years lost to wrongful conviction compensated in the civil justice system. The Registry and Professor Jeffrey Gutman have collaborated on this empirical research project summarized in the accompanying table. HERE is an explanation of the spreadsheet.
Professor Jeffrey Gutman periodically examines wrongful conviction compensation issues and developments arising in particular states as well as emerging trends and policy issues related to compensation with nationwide implications.
Indiana: How Well Has the State Compensation Statute, Passed in 2019, Fared?
Florida: Why Does Florida Have One of The Lowest State Statutory Compensation Filing and Receipt Rates in the United States?
Washington: What Does Washington Do About Dual-Eligibles?
Pardons and Compensation
Virginia: How Does State Compensation Work in Virginia And Why Does It Work So Well?
Michigan: How Long Does it Take to Resolve State Compensation and Civil Rights Claims?
Wisconsin: A Flawed Statute Just Got Worse - Updated, July, 2023
The National Registry of Exonerations is a project of the Newkirk Center for Science & Society at University of California Irvine, the University of Michigan Law School and Michigan State University College of Law. It was founded in 2012 in conjunction with the Center on Wrongful Convictions at Northwestern University School of Law. The Registry provides detailed information about every known exoneration in the United States since 1989—cases in which a person was wrongly convicted of a crime and later cleared of all the charges based on new evidence of innocence. The Registry also maintains a more limited database of known exonerations prior to 1989.
We welcome new information from any source about exonerations already on our list and about cases not in the Registry that might be exonerations.