All NRE reports represent a moment in time. For the most accurate data, please search on the Detailed View page. The website is updated daily, frequently with exonerations that occurred in the past.
Comment: New Study Estimates Rate of False Convictions at 11.6% - 5 December 2017
A report by the Urban Institute in Washington, D.C. estimates that the defendants were
innocent in 11.6% percent of rape and rape-murder convictions in Virginia from in the 1970s and
1980s. The origins of this study go back several decades.
Rate of false conviction of criminal defendants who aresentenced to death - 25 March 2014
The rate of erroneous conviction of innocent criminal defendants is often described as not merely unknown but unknowable. We use survival analysis to model this effect, and estimate
that if all death-sentenced defendants remained under sentence
of death indefinitely at least 4.1% would be exonerated.
The National Registry of Exonerations is a project of the Newkirk Center for Science & Society at University of California Irvine, the University of Michigan Law School and Michigan State University College of Law. It was founded in 2012 in conjunction with the Center on Wrongful Convictions at Northwestern University School of Law. The Registry provides detailed information about every known exoneration in the United States since 1989—cases in which a person was wrongly convicted of a crime and later cleared of all the charges based on new evidence of innocence. The Registry also maintains a more limited database of known exonerations prior to 1989.
We welcome new information from any source about exonerations already on our list and about cases not in the Registry that might be exonerations.