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Victor Fowler

In 1932, Victor Fowler (also referenced as Eddie Victor Fowler) and three other men from High Point, North Carolina, were arrested in connection with a Denton, North Carolina bank robbery that took place on September 6, 1932. Although Fowler and his three co-defendants – Joe Horne (also referred to as Poe Horne), Sylvian Palmer (also referenced as Sylvan Palmer), and Walter Bridgeman – offered evidence to support their claims that they were all in locations other than Denton on the day of the crime, they were convicted. On December 6, 1932, the four men were each sentenced to fifteen years in prison.

In 1934, two convicted murderers, Mike Stefanoff and Lester Green, were executed by the state. Prior to their executions, both Green and Stefanoff confessed that they had been involved in the Denton bank robbery and that the four men who had been convicted were not involved in the crime. In addition, Stefanoff’s confession stated that two current and two former High Point police officers had been complicit in the robbery and/or were protecting the true robbers. One of the former officers implicated by Stefanoff was named Ben Lowe.

In early 1935, former High Point police officer Ben Lowe confessed that he had been involved in the Denton bank robbery. He admitted that he had been shot as he fled the bank during the robbery, and records confirmed that he had been treated at a local hospital for a gunshot wound that night.

On March 27, 1935, Joe Horne was hit in the head with an axe by another prisoner and died soon after. Less than a month after Horne’s violent death, Bridgeman, Palmer, and Fowler were released from prison on the basis of Lowe’s confession.

Upon “satisfactory proof that they were innocent of the crime and felony for which they had been convicted and imprisoned,” the governor of North Carolina pardoned Bridgeman, Palmer, and Fowler on April 17, 1935, and Joe Horne received a posthumous pardon. On May 10, 1935, the North Carolina General Assembly voted to restore the full citizenship of Bridgeman, Palmer and Fowler. In 1947, Palmer and Fowler each received just over $1,000 from the state as compensation for their wrongful imprisonment.

- Meghan Barrett Cousino

Most Serious Crime:Robbery
Reported Crime Date:1932
Sentence:15 years
Age at the date of crime:19
Contributing Factors:Official Misconduct