On the morning of November 7, 1994, the naked body of Nina Glover was discovered in a dumpster in the Englewood neighborhood of Chicago’s south side. Glover had been brutally raped and murdered, and an autopsy concluded that she had been killed by strangulation. She lived a high-risk lifestyle that included drug use and prostitution. Glover was one of at least three dozen South Side women sexually assaulted and murdered in the 1990s.
At the time police arrived at the dumpster, they interviewed four people who were present: the garbage truck driver who found the body, an assistant manager for a liquor store, a neighborhood resident and Johnny Douglas, who lived 10 miles away.
No arrests were made in the case for four months. Then, on March 7, 1995, 18-year-old Jerry Fincher walked into a police station and voluntarily came forward with information about Glover’s murder. He was hoping to gain “some consideration” for a friend of his who was in custody. Over the next two days, while in police custody, Fincher gave an evolving series of statements indicating that he participated with others in the abduction, rape and murder of Glover in the basement of the house of Vincent Thames
, 18. He also implicated Terrill Swift
, 17, Harold Richardson
, 16, and Michael Saunders, 15, as well as a teenager known as “Big Shorty,” who was never charged.
Over the next few days—March 9 through 11—Thames, Swift, Richardson, and Saunders were all arrested, and each of them eventually signed a confession that they participated in the rape and murder of Glover around 9 p.m. on November 6, 1994. Although each statement contained factual inconsistencies, each teenager essentially confessed to participating in luring Glover to the basement, taking turns having vaginal sex with her, beating her over the head with a shovel, strangling her, carrying her dead body one-and-a-half blocks, and dumping the body in a dumpster. Not a trace of physical evidence that connected any of the five teenagers to the rape and murder was found at any relevant site—not in Thames’s basement, not near the dumpster, and not on any of the boys’ clothing.
More important, a vaginal swab collected during Glover’s autopsy tested positive for semen. At the request of some of the defendants, pre-trial DNA testing was done and that testing excluded all five of the charged teenagers as the source of the semen.
At a pre-trial hearing, Jerry Fincher’s statement was determined to have been coerced and was suppressed as evidence. Charges against him were dismissed, after he had spent three-and-a-half years in custody.
In May 1998, Swift, Richardson, and Saunders all proceeded to separate trials before Judge Thomas Sumner, sitting without a jury. The only significant evidence presented against each defendant was his own confession. During the Swift trial, the Judge Sumner summed up his view of the cases: “Well this case is relatively simple. It’s all confession. Without the confession there is no case. There is no physical evidence that links the defendant to the case. There is no other testimony that links him to the case. It’s the confession. What we have is 22 pages of detail that I either believe the defendant was told to say, or that he said because he was there and he knows and he knew what to say and he told the court reporter what happened. We have a 22-page confession, and that is enough for me. There will be a finding of guilty.”
Judge Sumner convicted all three defendants who went to trial. He sentenced Swift to 30 years, Saunders to 40 years, and Richardson to 40 years. After seeing the sentences of the other defendants, Thames pled guilty in exchange for a sentence of 30 years.
On December 3, 2010, Swift and Saunders filed a motion for an order to conduct a more advanced form of DNA testing than was done before trial—STR testing—and to upload the results into the state DNA database to try and identify the person who left the semen in Glover’s body. The prosecutors initially objected to this request, but agreed to it once Richardson joined in the motion with the other two defendants who had been convicted after trials. On April 22, 2011, a DNA profile that could be loaded into the database was developed from the semen. On May 13, 2011, the Illinois State Police reported a “hit” to an offender in the state DNA database.
The offender was Johnny Douglas, by then deceased, who was one of the first people that police interviewed about the Glover murder in 1994. Douglas had been arrested 83 times and convicted of crimes 38 times between July 1980 and April 1998, many of them sexual assault and attacks on women. He was linked to two rapes and murders committed after Glover's body was found. He was fatally shot in 2008 by a woman who claimed self-defense and was acquitted.
On November 16, 2011, based on the DNA evidence, Judge Paul Biebel Jr. vacated the convictions of Swift, Saunders, Richardson, and Thames. Judge Biebel quoted a statement by Judge Sumner when he convicted the defendants in 1998: “If there is a DNA match, then we are talking about another case altogether.”
At a brief hearing on January 17, 2012, Cook County prosecutors stated that they would not retry the four men and all charges were dismissed.
In September 2012, Swift, Thames, Richardson and Saunders were granted certificates of innocence in Cook County Circuit Court. In November 2012, all four men filed federal lawsuits against the city, the Chicago Police Department, and Cook County prosecutors, alleging they were framed for the crime.
— Center on Wrongful Convictions