All NRE reports represent a moment in time. For the most accurate data, please search on the Detailed View page. The website is updated daily, frequently with exonerations that occurred in the past.
From the mid-1980s to the mid-1990s, some prosecutors and child welfare workers around the country became convinced that people caring for children, often day care workers and school employees, were sexually abusing those children on a massive scale. More than a hundred defendants were convicted as a result, often based on accusations including bizarre, unsubstantiated and highly improbable satanic rituals. The Registry lists 51 child sex abuse hysteria exonerees, 21 women and 30 men; all were convicted of crimes that never happened. They make up 0.2% of exonerations of men, but 28% of exonerations of women.
The most recent child sex abuse hysteria conviction in the Registry occurred in 1995. Since then, only one woman has been exonerated for any crime involving child sex abuse.
Two-thirds of SBS exonerees are women (8/12), which is hardly surprising. One implication of the theory of SBS is that the infant was injured or killed by shaking by the last adult who took care of the child before medical personnel intervened, and women do the vast majority of the work of caring for infants.
The National Registry of Exonerations is a project of the Newkirk Center for Science & Society at University of California Irvine, the University of Michigan Law School and Michigan State University College of Law. It was founded in 2012 in conjunction with the Center on Wrongful Convictions at Northwestern University School of Law. The Registry provides detailed information about every known exoneration in the United States since 1989—cases in which a person was wrongly convicted of a crime and later cleared of all the charges based on new evidence of innocence. The Registry also maintains a more limited database of known exonerations prior to 1989.
We welcome new information from any source about exonerations already on our list and about cases not in the Registry that might be exonerations.