On January 17, 1995, 38-year-old Denise Raymond, a Federal Express executive, was bound, gagged and blindfolded in her Bronx apartment and shot twice in the head. Her body was found the following morning.
At 4:30 a.m. on January 19, less than 24 hours after Raymond was found, 43-year-old Baithe Diop, a driver for New Harlem Car Service, was fatally shot on a Bronx street about a block from Raymond’s apartment in what police said appeared to be a robbery.
A woman named Catherine Gomez told police investigating the Raymond homicide that she heard a group of young men talking about the murder while she was in a Bronx park. Gomez said that on January 17, she heard the men talking about “robbing a taxi and a girl.”
Police then found a woman named Miriam Tavares, a drug addict who regularly hung out in the park. Tavares, who spoke only Spanish, told police that she also had heard young men discussing the murder.
Ultimately, based on statements made by Tavares and Gomez, police charged Michael Cosme, 19, Devon Ayers
, 18, Israel Vasquez, 17, and Carlos Perez
, 25, with murdering Raymond at the behest of Raymond’s former boyfriend, Charles McKinnon. Police said Raymond was killed because she rebuffed McKinnon’s efforts to resume their relationship and threatened to tell police that McKinnon was dealing drugs. McKinnon was charged with conspiring to have the four kill Raymond.
Police said that while questioning Tavares, she told them that she had heard Diop being shot and saw a number of people flee from Diop’s car after the shots were fired. She later identified them as Vasquez, Cosme, Ayers, Perez, 18-year-old Eric Glisson
, and 27-year-old Cathy Watkins.
During their investigation, police learned that Diop had been dispatched to 30 W. 141st Street, where he picked up the people who robbed and killed him. Watkins was a resident of that building and police asked her to come into the police station. While there, she was asked to answer a telephone and pretend that she was ordering a car to pick her up. Police had also brought in the dispatcher who took the call that sent Diop to the 141st Street address, and she listened to Watkins’ voice on the phone from another part of the station. After Watkins spoke, the dispatcher said she immediately recognized Watkins as the caller.
Watkins was then charged with Diop’s murder, as were Ayers, Cosme, Perez, Vasquez and Glisson. Watkins did not know any of her co-defendants.
Ayers, Cosme, Perez and Vasquez were tried for the murders of Raymond and Diop in February 1996. Ayers, Cosme and Perez were convicted of both murders and each was sentenced to 25 years to life in prison. Vasquez was acquitted of the Diop murder, but convicted murdering Raymond—although an appeals court later reversed that conviction, ruling there was insufficient evidence of guilt. McKinnon was tried separately for the Raymond murder and was acquitted.
In September 1997, Glisson and Watkins went on trial separately for the Diop murder and were convicted based on the testimony of the car service dispatcher, Gomez, and Tavares—although Tavares gave conflicting testimony that included seeing the shooting from a window that was apparently located in a place where it was impossible to view the crime. Tavares identified Glisson as the shooter. Glisson and Watkins were convicted of second-degree murder. Each was sentenced to 25 years to life in prison.
In 2003, federal authorities were investigating a Bronx narcotics gang called Sex Money and Murder, known as SMM. An investigator, John O’Malley, debriefed Jose Rodriguez and Gilbert Vega, both former members of the gang who had agreed to cooperate and plead guilty. Both independently described being involved in the robbery of a livery driver in the Bronx in late 1994 or early 1995. They said that they had each shot the driver and fled and neither knew whether the driver had survived or died.
O’Malley, who was a former homicide detective in the Bronx, attempted to corroborate the statements, but was unable to track down the case without the name of the victim or any knowledge of whether it was a homicide at all.
Vega and Rodriguez ultimately pleaded guilty to robbery charges based on their admissions.
In May 2012, federal prosecutors in New York received a letter from Glisson, who was serving his sentence at Sing Sing prison. Glisson wrote that he had heard that Diop’s killers were members of the SMM gang. The letter was sent to a prosecutor who had since left the U.S. Attorney’s Office and by sheer luck was handed off to O’Malley, who instantly realized that the description of the crime in Glisson’s letter matched what Rodriguez and Vega told him years earlier.
In June 2012, the Bronx County District Attorney’s Office was notified of Glisson’s letter and met with O’Malley. A re-investigation of the murders of Raymond and Diop was initiated. By then, Tavares was dead, as was the trial prosecutor. In addition, Gomez had recanted her testimony as untrue.
Investigators retrieved the call records of Diop’s cell phone, which was stolen after he was killed, and the records showed that calls were made to associates of Vega and Rodriguez.
After interviewing Vega and Rodriguez, the Bronx prosecutors were convinced of the innocence of Watkins, Glisson, Ayers, Cosme and Perez and agreed that their convictions for the Diop murder should be vacated.
The prosecution notified Centurion Ministries, a Princeton, New Jersey-based organization that investigates wrongful convictions, which then filed a motion on behalf of Watkins to dismiss the case. Peter Cross, a New York lawyer who began representing Glisson in 2006 at the behest of a nun at Sing Sing, Sister Joanna Chan who had come to believe Glisson was innocent, also filed a motion to dismiss the charges. Ayers, Cosme and Perez were represented by Glenn Garber and Rebecca Freedman of the Exoneration Initiative and Legal Aid Society attorneys John Needham and Nick Frayn.
Glisson and Watkins were released from prison on bond in October 2012. On December 13, 2012, the charges against Watkins and Glisson were dismissed.
The charges against Ayers, Cosme and Perez for the Diop murder were dismissed on December 12, 2012. They remained in prison for the Raymond murder but on January 23, 2013, were released after a judge granted them a new trial in that case because they were tried and convicted simultaneously for the Raymond murder and the Diop murder, and the jury in the Raymond case may have been influenced by the charges and evidence that they killed Diop, which has been revealed to be false.
– Maurice Possley