The Wilmington Ten
In 1972, Wayne Moore, Ann Shepard, James McKoy, Willie Vereen, Marvin Patrick, Reginald Epps, Jerry Jacobs, Connie Tindall, Joe Wright, and Rev Benjamin Chavis (from top left) were convicted of conspiracy to commit arson and shoot fire fighters during several days of demonstrations by African Americans in Wilmington, North Carolina. Their convictions were vacated in 1980 because prosecutors withheld evidence that their witnesses lied, but they had to wait until 2012 to be pardoned.
De'Marchoe Carpenter and Malcolm Scott
In 1998, Richard Rosario was sentenced to 25 years to life for murder in Bronx, New York. He was exonerated in 2016 after multiple alibi witnesses established that he was in Florida at the time of the crime.
The Perils of Bargaining for Justice
The vast majority of criminal cases are resolved through plea bargaining. Reveal News takes an in-depth look at guilty pleas and how they affect the justice system in general, and innocent defendants in particular, including interviews with exonerees such as Rodney Roberts and through illustrations.
The Registry has published about Innocents Who Pleas Guilty, Guilty Pleas in "Group Exonerations", and Guilty Pleas and False Confessions.
Use our clickable map & graph to filter and display exonerations by state, race, contributing factors, crime, year, and more.
The National Registry of Exonerations is a project of the Newkirk Center for Science & Society at University of California Irvine, the University of Michigan Law School and Michigan State University College of Law. It was founded in 2012 in conjunction with the Center on Wrongful Convictions at Northwestern University School of Law. The Registry provides detailed information about every known exoneration in the United States since 1989—cases in which a person was wrongly convicted of a crime and later cleared of all the charges based on new evidence of innocence.
We welcome new information from any source about exonerations already on our list and about cases not in the Registry that might be exonerations.