In 2002, Cody Marble was sentenced to five years in prison for sexually assaulting a 13-year old boy while both were in a juvenile detention facility in Missoula, Montana. He was exonerated in 2017, with the help of the Montana Innocence Project, after the complainant and two other witnesses recanted their testimony. (Marble with Montana Innocence Project attorney Larry Mansch)
San Antonio Four
In 1997, Elizabeth Ramirez and three friends--Kristie Mayhugh, Cassandra Rivera, and Anna Vasquez--were sentenced to long prison terms for sexually molesting two of Ramirez's nieces. They were exonerated in 2016 after one of the girls admitted that no molestation occurred and the doctor who had testified that medical evidence indicated abuse recanted her testimony. (from left: Mayhugh, Rivera, Ramirez, and Vasquez)
The Perils of Bargaining for Justice
The vast majority of criminal cases are resolved through plea bargaining. Reveal News takes an in-depth look at guilty pleas and how they affect the justice system in general, and innocent defendants in particular, including interviews with exonerees such as Rodney Roberts and through illustrations.
The Registry has published about Innocents Who Pleas Guilty, Guilty Pleas in "Group Exonerations", and Guilty Pleas and False Confessions.
Use our clickable map & graph to filter and display exonerations by state, race, contributing factors, crime, year, and more.
The National Registry of Exonerations is a project of the Newkirk Center for Science & Society at University of California Irvine, the University of Michigan Law School and Michigan State University College of Law. It was founded in 2012 in conjunction with the Center on Wrongful Convictions at Northwestern University School of Law. The Registry provides detailed information about every known exoneration in the United States since 1989—cases in which a person was wrongly convicted of a crime and later cleared of all the charges based on new evidence of innocence.
We welcome new information from any source about exonerations already on our list and about cases not in the Registry that might be exonerations.