Based in part on an alleged confession that he attributed to police torture, Stanley Wrice was convicted by a Cook County jury and sentenced to 100 years in prison for the abduction, rape, and deviate sexual assault of a 32-year-old Chicago woman on September 8, 1982. Wrice, then 28, was arrested the day after the crime and spent the next 31 years, three months, and three days behind bars before he was exonerated and freed in 2013.
Wrice’s exoneration followed a landmark decision that the Illinois Supreme Court handed down in his case in February 2012. Holding that the use of a physically coerced confession as evidence of guilt at a criminal trial “is never harmless error,” the Supreme Court remanded the case to the trial court for a hearing on the merits of Wrice’s torture claim.
From the beginning, Wrice claimed he had been severely beaten by Chicago Police Detective Peter Dignan and Sergeant John Byrne—both of whom worked under Jon Burge, a police lieutenant who was promoted to commander before he was suspended in 1991 and fired in 1993 for systematically torturing black suspects.
On December 12, 2013, at the conclusion of the hearing that the Illinois Supreme Court had ordered 22 months earlier, Cook County Circuit Court Judge Richard F. Walsh vacated Wrice’s conviction on the grounds that the torture evidence stood unrebutted and that a key prosecution witness had recanted his trial testimony. The prosecution then dismissed the charges and Wrice, 59, was released.
The crime for which Wrice was convicted was unspeakably savage. The victim, Karen Byron, who was white, testified that she was walking to a liquor store when several African-American men offered her a ride, which she accepted. The men took her to a two-story bungalow where she was beaten, severely burned by hot metal objects pressed against her skin, and repeatedly raped. When the men finally released her, Byron stumbled into a gas station, where the attendant called police. She was treated at a hospital for burns covering more than 80 percent of her body.
From Byron’s description, police located the bungalow in the 7600 block of South Chappel Avenue where they arrested Wrice and three other men—Michael Fowler, Rodney Benson, and Lee Holmes. Byron did not identify Wrice, but she did identify the other three men, all of whom then pled guilty pursuant to plea agreements. Fowler was sentenced to four years in prison, and Benson and Holmes each were sentenced to only 30 months’ probation. Wrice was charged based on his confession.
Before Wrice’s 1983 trial, he made a motion to suppress the confession, contending that Dignan and Byrne had taken him to the basement of Area 2 police headquarters, where Dignan said he was “fixing to do some police brutality.” Wrice testified that after he told the officers he was not involved in the crime, they repeatedly struck him in the head, arms, kneecaps, and groin with a 16-inch flashlight and a piece of rubber. A physician and paramedic who examined Wrice the day after his arrest testified that he sustained injuries that were consistent with his torture allegation, but Dignan and Byrne denied the allegation and Judge Thomas R. Fitzgerald denied Wrice’s suppression motion.
At the trial, in addition to introducing Wrice’s alleged confession, prosecutors called two purported eyewitnesses, Bobby Joe Williams and Kenneth Lewis, who testified that they had seen Wrice rape the victim and burn her with a hot spoon. Williams added that after the rape and assault, Wrice admitted that he had “burned the bitch.” Although there was no physical evidence linking him to the crime, and although the victim had not identified him, the jury quickly convicted Wrice of rape and deviate sexual assault.
Judge Fitzgerald sentenced Wrice to consecutive terms of 60 years for rape and 40 years for deviate sexual assault—a total of 100 years. The Illinois Appellate Court affirmed the conviction on August 15, 1985, but ordered the sentences to be served concurrently rather than consecutively, in effect reducing the sentence to 60 years.
After a hand-written petition for post-conviction relief filed by Wrice was denied by the Circuit Court, Assistant Illinois Public Defender Heidi Linn Lambros was assigned to represent him on appeal. The appeal was denied, at which time Wrice lost his right to an appellate defender. Lambros believed in his innocence so strongly, however, that she continued to work on the case on her own time.
New life was breathed into the case on July 9, 2006, when Special Prosecutor Edward J. Egan, who had been appointed four years earlier by Chief Criminal Court Judge Paul S. Biebel to investigate police torture, listed Dignan and Byrne as among about a dozen Burge underlings who systematically tortured suspects to extract confessions in Area 2 during the 1980s.
Citing the special prosecutor’s report, Lambros sought permission of the Circuit Court to file a successive petition for post-conviction relief. It was denied, but the Illinois Appellate Court reversed the decision and ordered a hearing.
Prosecutors appealed the Appellate Court decision to the Supreme Court, which agreed to hear the case. While the appeal was pending, Bobby Joe Williams recanted his trial testimony, providing an affidavit on March 7, 2011, to students working with the Chicago Innocence Project. Williams alleged in the affidavit that Dignan and Byrne had tortured him, forcing him to falsely implicate Wrice.
Before Wrice’s trial, the Williams affidavit further stated, a black female attorney at the Cook County Criminal Courts Building showed him photographs of Karen Byron’s injuries and threatened to charge him with the crime unless he testified against Wrice. Williams did not know who the attorney was, but Assistant State’s Attorney Bertina E. Lampkin, the lead prosecutor in the case who later became an Illinois Appellate Court judge, matched his description.
Two of the men who pled guilty to the crime—Fowler and Benson—also provided affidavits to Chicago Innocence Project students stating that neither Wrice nor Kenneth Lewis, the second eyewitness who had claimed to have seen Wrice rape and assault Byron, had been present during the crime. By the time Fowler and Benson gave the affidavits, Lewis was deceased.
On February 2, 2012, the Supreme Court, with a unanimous opinion written by Justice Mary Jane Theis, affirmed the Appellate Court decision ordering a hearing on Wrice’s torture claim. The ensuing hearing culminated in Wrice’s exoneration and release.
At the time of Wrice's release, the cases of 25 prisoners who were convicted in part as a result of confessions by Burge and his subordinates were pending review by the Circuit Court in light of the Theis decision.
In August 2014, Wrice filed a federal civil rights lawsuit against the city of Chicago and the Chicago Police Department. In October 2014, Wrice was denied a certificate of innocence in Cook County Circuit Court.
— Rob Warden
The National Registry of Exonerations is a project of the Newkirk Center for Science & Society at University of California Irvine, the University of Michigan Law School and Michigan State University College of Law. It was founded in 2012 in conjunction with the Center on Wrongful Convictions at Northwestern University School of Law. The Registry provides detailed information about every known exoneration in the United States since 1989—cases in which a person was wrongly convicted of a crime and later cleared of all the charges based on new evidence of innocence. The Registry also maintains a more limited database of known exonerations prior to 1989.
We welcome new information from any source about exonerations already on our list and about cases not in the Registry that might be exonerations.