What is Human Trafficking?
The United States' Trafficking Victims Protection Act (TVPA) describes human trafficking using a number of different terms: involuntary servitude, slavery, debt bondage, and forced labor. Under the TVPA, individuals may be trafficking victims regardless of whether they once consented, participated in a crime as a direct result of being trafficked, were transported into the exploitative situation, or were simply born into a state of servitude. At the heart of human trafficking are the myriad forms of enslavement—not the activities involved in international transportation.
- 12.3 million
Adults and children in forced labor, bonded labor, and forced prostitution around the world
Successful trafficking prosecutions in 2009
Successful prosecutions related to forced labor
Ratio of victims identified to estimated victims, as a percentage
Countries without laws, policies, or regulations to prevent victims' deportation
Source: U.S. Department of State, Office to Monitor and Combat Trafficking in Persons, Trafficking in Persons Report 2010
More information about the Human Trafficking Clinic...