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Gross, Samuel R.

Thomas and Mabel Long Professor of Law

965 Legal Research
734.764.1519
E-mail srgross@umich.edu
Samuel R. Gross, the Thomas and Mabel Long Professor of Law, graduated from Columbia College in 1968 and earned a JD from the University of California at Berkeley in 1973. He was a criminal defense attorney in San Francisco for several years, and worked as an attorney with the United Farm Workers Union in California and the Wounded Knee Legal Defense Committee in Nebraska and South Dakota. As a cooperating attorney for the NAACP Legal Defense and Educational Fund Inc. in New York and the National Jury Project in Oakland, California, he litigated a series of test cases on jury selection in capital trials and worked on the issue of racial discrimination in the use of the death penalty. He was a visiting lecturer at Yale Law School and came to the University of Michigan from the Stanford Law School faculty.

Prof. Gross teaches evidence, criminal procedure, and courses on wrongful criminal convictions. His published work includes articles and books on evidence law, the death penalty, false convictions, racial profiling, eyewitness identification, and the relationship between pretrial bargaining and trial verdicts.

Prof. Gross is the editor of the National Registry of Exonerations, exonerationregistry.org, a joint project of the University of Michigan Law School and the Center on Wrongful Convictions at the Northwestern University School of Law, which maintains a detailed online database of all known exonerations in the United States since 1989.

The National Registry of Exonerations was launched in May 2012, together with a detailed report by Prof. Gross: "Exonerations in the United States, 1989–2012, Report by the National Registry of Exonerations."

For some of the media coverage of the National Registry of Exonerations, see:

NPR

Huffington Post

The Atlantic

AP

Recent Publications

More Publications...


Co-author. "Rate of false conviction of criminal defendants who are sentenced to death." B. O'Brien, C. Hu, and E. H. Kennedy, co-authors. Proceedings Nat'l Acad. Sci. U. S. 111, no. 20 (2014): 7230-5.
Full Text: SSRN | PNAS (UMich users)

"Investigative Procedure and Post-Conviction Review: Resetting Incentives to Separate the Innocent from the Guilty." In Wrongful Conviction and Criminal Justice Reform, edited by M. Zalman and J. Carrano, 229-46. Criminology and Justice Studies Series. New York: Routledge, 2014.

Co-author. A Modern Approach to Evidence: Text, Problems, Transcripts and Cases. 5th ed. R. O. Lempert et al., co-authors. American Casebook Series. St. Paul, Minn.: West Group, 2014.

​Co-author. "Witness Recantation Study: Preliminary Findings.". A. Gross, co-author. The National Registry of Exonerations, (2013).
Full Text: WWW

"How Many False Convictions are There? How Many Exonerations are There?" In Wrongful Convictions and Miscarriages of Justice: Causes and Remedies in North American and European Criminal Justice Systems, edited by M. Killias and C. R. Huff, 45-59. New York: Routledge, 2013.
Full Text: SSRN

Co-author. "False Convictions." P. C. Ellsworth, co-author. In The Behavioral Foundations of Public Policy, edited by E. Sharif, 163-80. Princeton Univ. Press, 2012.

​Co-author. "Exonerations in the United States, 1989-2012: Report by the National Registry of Exonerations.". M. Shaffer, co-author. National Registry of Exonerations, (2012).
Full Text: WWW

"David Baldus and the Legacy of McCleskey v. Kemp." Iowa L. Rev. 97, no. 6 (2012): 1905-24.
Full Text: MLaw Repository | SSRN | Westlaw | WWW 

"Pretrial Incentives, Post-Conviction Review, and Sorting Criminal Prosecutions by Guilt or Innocence." N. Y. L. Sch. L. Rev. 56, no. 3 (2011-2012): 1009-30.
Full Text: MLaw Repository | HEIN (UMich users) | HEIN | Westlaw

Co-author. A Modern Approach to Evidence: Text, Problems, Transcripts, and Cases. 4th ed. R. O. Lempert et al., co-authors. American Casebook Series. St. Paul, Minn.: West, 2011.

Co-author. "Reply to Richard A. Leo and Jon B. Gould." B. O'Brien, co-author. Ohio St. J. Crim. L. 8, no. 2 (2010): 273-6.
Full Text: SSRN | HEIN (UMich users) | HEIN

Co-author. "Social Science and the Evolving Standards of Death Penalty Law." P. C. Ellsworth, co-author. In Beyond Common Sense: Psychological Science in the Courtroom, edited by E. Borgida and S. T. Fiske, 237-59. Malden, Mass.: Blackwell Publishing, 2008.
Professor

Activities

Presented a paper on "Exonerations in the United States, 1989-2012" at the Law and Society Association meeting in Honolulu, June 2012.

Participated in a planning session of the Ad Hoc Committee on Wrongful Convictions of the International Association of Chiefs of Police (IACP), for a summit on wrongful convictions, Washington, D.C., May 2012.

Presented a paper on "New Data on Exonerations in the United States" at the American Society of Criminology meeting, Washington, D.C., November 2011.

Delivered a talk on the work of the late Professor David Baldus during a conference at the University of Iowa Law School on the 25th anniversary of Batson v. Kentucky, and in memoriam for Professor Baldus, October 2011.

 
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