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Martha Bergmark, '73, is honored at White House's Champions of Change program

By John Masson

The White House's Champions of Change program recently honored Michigan Law grad Martha Bergmark and 15 other lawyers from around the country who help ensure that poor and marginalized people have access to justice.

The program and panel discussion—hosted by Attorney General Eric Holder and webcast live to hundreds of law students all over the country, including a roomful at Michigan Law—served to highlight the longstanding tradition of public service of Michigan Law grads.

Martha BergmarkBergmark, a Mississippi native who graduated in 1973, said she went to law school in part because she thought her home state needed more skilled advocates. So once she graduated, she returned home and established a civil rights and poverty law practice, then founded Southeast Mississippi Legal Services. Later she went to Washington, where she served as executive vice president and president of the Legal Services Corporation, and as senior vice president for programs at the National Legal Aid and Defender Association.

"Public interest law was something I went to law school for," Bergmark said. "I had grown up in Mississippi with parents who had been active in the civil rights movement, so I knew I needed to go to a top-tier law school."

That's where Michigan came in. But as at almost all law schools at the time, Michigan's commitment to public service was more philosophical than practical—until the establishment of the school's first clinic, which Bergmark participated in. The clinic was so popular, she said, students had to be selected by lottery.

"Since then, Michigan has obviously come a very long way in terms of promoting and supporting public interest careers," she said.

And so it has. From the Dean's Office down, the Law School today encourages public service with, among other programs:

  • the Dean's Public Service Guarantee, which provides funding for any second-year student who does public service work over the summer break
  • the Pro Bono Pledge program, which encourages students to pledge at least 50 hours of public service work
  • a generous new loan repayment and forgiveness program for those taking on public service jobs after graduation
  • a broad and vibrant offering of clinical programs, featuring specialized clinics in human trafficking, non-DNA exonerations, child and family advocacy, low income taxpayers, environmental law, and others
  • The Law School's Fiske Fellowships for Government Service, funded by 1955 grad and former Independent Counsel Robert Fiske, which help support three outstanding graduates pursuing public service careers each year
  • the Dean's Public Service Fellows Program, which provides a $7,000 cash award to second-year students with a demonstrated commitment to public service who work public interest summer jobs
  • a new part-time externship course, which grants three credit hours to students who attend the class and work eight or more hours per week in a public service job

The Champions of Change event helped illustrate the possibilities for some Michigan Law students participating in one or more of those programs right now. And it also served to remind Bergmark of the progress that's been made since she started her work in Mississippi.

But the work needs to continue, she said, because there's still a lot to be done. That's why, in 2003, she helped found the Mississippi Center for Justice, which has grown into a 30-person office with a $3 million annual budget.

"This is my crowning chapter, to come back home to Mississippi and start the center in 2003. We've grown it from a gleam in the eye of the founding board members," Bergmark said. "It's very gratifying to take all those years of public service experience and connections and put all that experience to work in its creation."

In the last few years those experiences and connections have helped people who otherwise wouldn't have access to high-caliber legal talent protect themselves in the aftermath of devastating natural disasters and the calamitous BP oil spill—all while continuing to fight civil rights problems that still crop up in the region.

"We live in a different world in the South than the one I grew up in," Bergmark told the panel. But it's still a world of large needs and small resources, she added, and it's one where people "live with our Confederate heritage.... Mississippi is still at the bottom of every list, and we can trace that back to the Civil War."

Find out more about the Mississippi Center for Justice at



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