I. General GuidelinesConversion of a letter grade to a "Pass" (applies to students who matriculated in May 2009 or thereafter)
During a specified period after the conclusion of each term, J.D. students may elect to convert a "C" or better letter grade to a "Pass" in an eligible course or seminar ONLINE at the Law School's Office of Student Records' Web site.
Starting with the Fall 2016 term, students are able to elect to convert a "C" or better letter grade to a "P" the day after the grade first appears on their transcript in Wolverine Access. This can be done until the end of the Letter Grade Conversion to "Pass" election period (which is approximately one week after all grades have been posted to Wolverine Access). (Please look for an M Law Live message near the professors' grading deadline each term announcing this deadline.)
Ordinarily, grade conversions to "Pass" on transcripts are processed within a few days after the grade conversion election period ends. If you are sure that your decision to elect the grade conversion is final and you would like to expedite the grade conversion process for a particular course, click the "Expedite" button for that course AFTER you have set your election to Pass/Fail. An expedited grade conversion to "Pass" request will be processed within two business days after the election. Please take caution when expediting "Pass" requests before all of your grades have been posted. Once you have elected to convert a letter grade to a "P" on an expedited basis, that election becomes final and may not be reversed, revoked, or transferred, even if hindsight proves that another choice would have been more beneficial.
To make an election, go to:
You will see a list of the classes that you took during the most recent term. If you do not see those classes, click the "Change Term" link and select the correct term. On the left side there is a Pass/Fail column which indicates the current grading basis election for each class. Click on the Graded or Pass/Fail link to change the election for each class. By clicking "Graded," the link will change to "Pass/Fail." If you want to change back to "Graded," click the "Pass/Fail" link. Each click will generate an automated email message to you indicating your current elections for the term; please check your email to confirm the accuracy of your elections. Make sure to log-off the system when you are finished.
***You can change your election online anytime before the election period ends, unless you choose the "Expedite" option which finalizes the grade conversion to "Pass" election immediately. In other words, an expedited election for grade conversion to "Pass" cannot be changed, even if the election period has not yet ended. Once the deadline has passed, all conversions of a letter grade to a "P" become final and may not be reversed, revoked, or transferred. Please Note: No additional grade conversions will be accepted after the deadline.***
A student may NOT convert a letter grade in any required first-year course.
Courses and seminars that are INELIGIBLE for grade conversion to "Pass" election are indicated on the Class Schedule by footnote 1 (Mandatory Pass/Fail) or footnote 2 (Mandatory Graded).
A student may only convert a letter grade to a "P" in two courses or seminars during the student's entire law school career.
For complete rules regarding conversion of a letter grade to a "Pass," please refer to Part One, Section VI B of the Law School's J.D. Academic Regulations found at a link on this page.
Students interested in electing to convert letter grades to "Pass" in two eligible classes that are connected to each other [e.g., Research (LAW 900) class (in most instances) or Corporate Finance and its associated Tutorial] and have them count as one election should contact email@example.com for assistance. Students are not obligated to convert a letter grade to a "P" in both related classes. Rather, students may exercise the conversion option for one or both eligible classes. Note: In some classes that have two components that are connected to each other, but in which a student's performance in each component is evaluated separately, a student's decision to convert both parts of the class will count as two grade-conversion-to-pass elections.
Formula to determine the impact on GPA prior to making an election: GPA is MHP (Michigan Honor Points) divided by MSH (Michigan Semester Hours). When you convert a letter grade to "P" the MHP & MSH values for that class become zero. Remove the MHP & MSH values for the class that you are considering for grade conversion and then divide MHP by MSH to determine what the new GPA would be.
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II. Transfer StudentsTransfer students may elect to convert a letter grade to a "P" for a first-year course.Transfer students who started in Fall 2010 or thereafter: To make a grade conversion election in a first-year course, use the Law School's online pass/fail system OR file a "Pass/Fail" form in the Law School's Office of Student Records (416 HH) during the term's election period for conversion of a letter grade to a "Pass"; an announcement will be made on M Law Live when the election period begins each term and the deadline will be announced at that time.
III. LLM StudentsLLM students are required to take ALL of their courses on a graded basis. Therefore, they may not elect to convert a letter grade to a "P".
IV. Non-Law Course
Regarding Non-Law Courses, the following applies to all J.D. students regardless of matriculation date:
A student MUST have course approval (course approval requests are placed ONLINE using the External Enrollment link under "Registration" on the Law School's Office of Student Records' Web site). Those who receive a grade of "B-" or higher and want the mandatory limited grade of "S" vs. the letter grade to show on the transcript MUST file a "Pass/Fail" Form in the Law School's Office of Student Records (416 HH) by the beginning of the exam period of the department, school or college offering the course. Note that the examination periods of most non-law departments, schools or colleges begin earlier than the Law School's examination period in the fall and winter semesters. The online "Pass/Fail" election system is not available for non-law courses.
If a student earns a grade below B-, the student will NOT receive credit toward the law degree. The grade, however, will be posted on the transcript to show that the course was attempted and cannot be converted to the mandatory limited grade of "S."
Grades for non-law courses are NOT factored into the grade point average of law students.Non-law courses do NOT count toward the 62 or 63 graded credit hours required for honors eligibility for J.D. students, as described in Part One, Section III, Paragraph 2 of the Law School's J.D. Academic Regulations.Electing to have the mandatory limited grade of "S" replace the non-law course grade shall not alter the number of credit hours that a J.D. student may convert to a "P," as described in Part One, Section VI of the Law School's J.D. Academic Regulations.
V. Minimum Grade Needed to Elect Letter Grade Conversion to "PASS"LAW COURSES: Students must receive a C or better grade in an eligible course in order to elect a letter grade conversion to "Pass." When this is done, a "P" will appear on the student's transcript. Students who receive a C- (minus) or lower grades are encouraged to make an appointment to see Assistant Dean David Baum or Director Darren Nealy to discuss options to improve their grades. Please note that grades which are originally below a "C" and are subsequently raise to a "C" (after a re-take examination or completing supplemental work for a professor) are ineligible for letter grade conversion to "Pass."
VI. HonorsTo be eligible for a J.D. degree with honors and election to Order of the Coif, a student who matriculated prior to May 2015 must earn a minimum of 62 credit hours in courses at the Law School which are fully graded and factored into his or her honor point average. Students who matriculated in May 2015 or thereafter must earn a minimum of 63 credit hours in courses at the Law School which are fully graded and factored into his or her honor point average. Mandatory limited grade credit for courses at this law school (e.g., Legal Practice, Clinics, and Externships) and from courses taken elsewhere, either in other schools and colleges of the University or at other law schools after enrollment at this law school, do NOT count toward the 62 or 63 graded credit hours. For provisional advanced standing students (generally, transfer students), limited grade credit hours for fully graded courses taken at other law schools before admission to this law school DO count toward the 62 or 63 graded credit hours. For students who spend one or two terms at another law school for a compelling and unusual personal reason pursuant to the Law School's J.D. Academic Regulations, all credit hours taken at the other law school DO count toward the 62 or 63 graded credit hours for purposes of earning a J.D. degree with honors, but DO NOT count toward the 62 or 63 graded credit hours for purposes of election to Order of the Coif.
VII. QuestionsIf you have questions about grade conversions, pass/fail, or pass/fail deadlines, please contact Jane Ozanich by email at firstname.lastname@example.org.
If you have questions about pass/fail related to degree requirements or honors, please contact the Office of Student Records, by phone at 734.763.6499, or by email at email@example.com.[ Back to the Top ]
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