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Pass/Fail Grading Options

Applies to JD students only.

  1. Conversion of Letter Grade to a Pass (MLaw Course)
  2. Pass/Fail Grading Basis (Non-Law or External Law Course)

I. Conversion Of Letter Grade To A Pass (MLaw Course)

At the end of each term, JD students may elect to convert a letter grade of "C" or better to a pass "P" grade in an eligible Law course or seminar from the current ending term.

Conversion Election Period

  • Start: Day after the letter grade posts to your transcript in Wolverine Access.
  • *End: One week after all student grades have been posted. 

    *Deadline announced via MLaw Live a few days after the Grading Deadline.

Setting Elections 

  1. Login to ExamAdmin.
  2. Change the Term, if necessary.
  3. Click on "Pass/Fail."

Graded or Pass/Fail elections can be changed by clicking the link text in ExamAdmin. Each click will generate an automated email message confirming your current elections for the term.

Regular Processing

Elections are processed within a few days after the election period ends and can be changed anytime during the election period. After the deadline, no additional elections or changes will be accepted.

Expedited Processing

An Expedite option is available for those who are certain their decision to elect Pass/Fail is final and would like to immediately process and finalize a conversion for a particular course. Expedited processing will be completed within two business days.

To expedite an election:

  1. Set your election to Pass/Fail for the desired course.
  2. Click "Expedite" next to the course to activate Expedited Processing. 

    Note: Activation is final and permanent.

Conversion Rules

For complete rules regarding conversion of a letter grade to a "Pass," please refer to the Law School's J.D. Academic Regulations.

General Rules

  • All conversions are final and may not be reversed for any reason.
  • Expedited conversions cannot be changed at any time after activation.
  • Letter grade conversion results in a "P" on your transcript.
  • Converting a letter grade to a "P" results in the removal of those credits from your total "graded units for honors eligibility."
  • Maximum of two (2) conversions during your entire Law School career.

Course Eligibility

  • Letter grade of "C" or better in an eligible course.
  • Initially lower letter grades that are raised to a "C" are not eligible.
  • Courses from prior terms are not eligible.
  • First-year required courses are not eligible (except for transfer students).
  • Mandatory Pass/Fail or Mandatory Graded courses are not eligible.

Courses With Associated Classes

Students interested in converting two classes that are associated to each other (e.g. a Seminar and its associated Seminar Supplement) and have them count as one election should contact the Office of Student Records for assistance.

In cases where a student's performance in each component is evaluated separately (e.g. clinical law courses), a student's decision to convert both parts of the class will count as two elections.

Students are not obligated to elect all components of associated classes.

GPA & Honors

A GPA calculator is available when you set your elections in ExamAdmin. To manually calculate your GPA, use the MHP (Michigan Honor Points) and MSH (Michigan Semester Hours) values shown on your transcript in Wolverine Access.

GPA = Total MHP / Total MSH

A "P" grade nullifies the MHP and MSH values for the converted grade. When manually calculating your new GPA, do not include the MHP and MSH values for the class that you are converting to a "P."

Letter grades converted to a "P" grade will also no longer count towards letter-graded credits required for honors eligibility. For complete rules regarding honors, please refer to the Law School's Academic Regulations.

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II. Pass/fail Grading Basis (non-law Course)

Non-Law course grades (taken for Law credit) do not affect law student GPAs nor do they aid in honors eligibility. However, students may elect pass/fail for these courses to affect grade visibility, which replaces an eligible course's letter grade with an "S" grade (Mandatory Limited Grade Option Pass).

Requirements

You must complete a "Pass/Fail" form in the Law School's Office of Student Records.

  • Deadline: Before the start of the Non-Law school/department's exam period.

    Note: This may not be the same as the Law School's exam period.

Course Eligibility

  • Course must be approved via an External Enrollment request.
  • Final letter grade of "B-" (minus) or better is required.

Grade Processing

If all the conditions above are satisfied, an "S" grade will be displayed on the student's transcript instead of the original letter grade.

If a student earns a grade below "B-" (minus), the student will NOT receive credit toward their law degree. The letter grade will also be posted on the transcript and cannot be converted to an "S" grade.

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Questions

Please contact the Office of Student Records (416HH), if you have any questions.

Phone: 734.763.6499
Email: lawrecords@umich.edu.