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Juveniles and the Michigan Sex Offenders Registration Act (SORA)
Michigan law requires certain people convicted of sexual offenses to register with the state. A new law, effective July 1, 2011, has changed registration rules for juveniles significantly. Juveniles who have already been adjudicated of a sexual offense or who are facing sexual offense charges should understand and comply with the requirements or the changes to the requirements.
Registration Michigan's Sex Offenders Registration Act (SORA) requires individuals convicted or adjudicated of certain offenses to register with the state police.
If registration is required, the individual must regularly provide a list of specific information to the police. Some information is included on a public website, while other information is available only to law enforcement officials on a separate database.
The new law divides offenses into three "tiers": Tier I, Tier II, and Tier III. Each "tier" has different reporting requirements. [See page 7 of the SORA Summary of Amendments for more information on tier III offenses.]
Failure to comply with the SORA requirements can result in criminal charges.
Juveniles Under SORA Under the new law, many juveniles involved in sexual offenses are not required to register. However, juvenile offenders may be required to register in two circumstances:
Juveniles who were under the age of 14 years old at the time of the offense are not required to register.
Note that persons who were adjudicated as juveniles of offenses that are now in tier I or tier II were required to register under the old SORA law; however, these tier I and tier II offenses no longer carry a registration requirement for juvenile adjudications.
Length of RegistrationTier III juvenile offenders fitting the description above are required to register for life. There is a mechanism to petition for removal, if certain criteria are proven, after 25 years.
Public Website Under the 2011 law, juvenile offenders do not appear on the public registry. They do appear on a database available to law enforcement officials.
"Romeo and Juliet" Exception There are exceptions to the registration requirement for tier III juvenile offenders, adjudicated of specified offenses, involved in a consensual sexual act with another minor:
A court must determine that an exception applies.
For Further Information, the Following Resources are Available to the Public:
NOTE: This information was current as of July 29, 2011, and may change. For updated information, please consult an attorney or Michigan State Police officials.
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