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Hakimi, Monica

Professor of Law

3062 South Hall

Monica Hakimi is a professor of law and served as the associate dean for academic programming from 2013 to 2016. She teaches and writes on public international law and U.S. foreign relations law, with a particular focus on the informal ways in which international law adapts to contemporary challenges. Much of her research addresses that issue in the contexts of human rights law, the law of armed conflict, and the law governing the cross-border use of armed force. Dean Hakimi earned her JD from Yale Law School in 2001 and her BA, summa cum laude, from Duke University. Following law school, Dean Hakimi clerked for the Hon. Kimba Wood of the Southern District of New York and later served as an attorney-adviser in the Office of the Legal Adviser at the U.S. Department of State, where she counseled policymakers on non-proliferation, the reconstruction of Iraq, international investment disputes, and civil aviation. She also served as counsel before the Iran-United States Claims Tribunal and worked on cases before the International Court of Justice, U.S. federal courts, and administrative agencies.

Recent Publications

More Publications...

"The Work of International Law." Harv. Int'l L. J. 58 (Forthcoming, 2017).​​

Co-author. "Two Codes on the Use of Force." J. K. Cogan, co-author. Eur. J. Int'l L. 27, no. 2 (2016): 257-91.
Full Text: Oxford Journals (UMich users) | Oxford Journals

"Custom's Method and Process: Lessons from Humanitarian Law." In Custom's Future: International Law in a Changing World, edited by C. Bradley, 148-71. New York: Cambridge University Press, 2016.
Full Text: MLaw Repository

"Distributing the Responsibility to Protect." In Distribution of Responsibilities in International Law, edited by A. Nollkaemper and D. Jacobs, 265-89. Shared Responsibility in International Law Cambridge University Press, 2015.

Co-author. "An Introduction: Adapting to a Rapidly Changing World." N. L. Reid and S. Witten, co-author. Am. Soc'y of Int'l Law Proc. 109 (2015): 1-2.​​​

"Defensive Force against Non-State Actors: The State of Play." Int'l L. Stud. 91 (2015): 1-31.
Full Text: MLaw Repository | SSRN | WWW

"Toward a Legal Theory on the Responsibility to Protect." Yale J. Int'l L. 39, no. 2 (2014): 247-80.​
Full Text: MLaw Repository | SSRN

"The Bond Court's Institutional Truce." AJIL Unbound (June 5, 2014).
Full Text: WWW

"Unfriendly Unilateralism." Harv. Int'l L. J. 55, no. 1 (2014): 105-50.
Full Text: MLaw Repository | SSRN | Lexis | Westlaw | WWW

"Human Rights Obligations to the Poor." In Poverty and the International Economic Legal System: Duties to the World's Poor, edited by K. N. Schefer, 395-407. Cambridge: Cambridge Univ. Press, 2013.
Full Text: MLaw Repository

"A Legal Framework for Targeted Killing." In Patriots Debate: Contemporary Issues in National Security Law, edited by H. Rishikof, S. Baker, and B. Horowitz, 168-73, 175-77. Chicago: American Bar Association, 2012.

"A Functional Approach to Targeting and Detention." Mich L. Rev. 110, no. 8 (2012): 1365-420.
Full Text: MLaw Repository | HEIN (UMich users) | HEIN | Westlaw


Led a panel discussion on fair trial guarantees in wartime at the Transatlantic Dialogue on International Law and Armed Conflict workshop, University of Oxford, July 2016.

Presented the paper, "The Work of International Law," at the University of St. Andrews, June 2016.​

Commentator, "International Rule of Law: Rise or Decline?," Berlin Potsdam Research Group, April 2016.​

Workshop participant, "Challenges to State and Security in Israel," Columbia Law School, March 2016.​

Presented "The Legal Basis for the Use of Force in Syria" at a conference on Syria at the U.S. Naval War College, Newport, Rhode Island, November 2015. ​

Presented the paper, "The Work of International Law," at the annual Research Forum of the American Society of International Law, October 2015.​

Presented "Two Codes on the Use of Force" at the University of Tokyo Law School, July 2015. ​​

Panel discussant, "When and Why Intervention Can Violate International Law," Global Security and the Evolution of International Law Symposium, University of Virginia School of Law, February 2015.

Presented "What's the Point of International Law?", The Chapman Dialogue Lecture Series, Chapman University Fowler School of Law, February 2015.

Presented the paper, "Custom's Process and Method: Lessons from Humanitarian Law," at Conference on Custom in Crisis, Duke Law School, October 2014.

Workshop participant, "Ukraine: A Case Study in the Viability of International Law," West Point Academy, October 2014.

Commentator, "On Socializing States: A conversation with Ryan Goodman and Derek Jinks on their Certificate of Merit Winning Book," ASIL Annual Meeting, April 2014.

Presented "Multiple Codes in the Jus ad Bellum," Center for Law and Global Affairs Colloquium, Arizona State University Sandra Day O’Connor College of Law, January 2014.

Presented "Multiple Codes in the Jus ad Bellum," with Jacob Katz Cogan. ASIL-ESIL-Rechtskulturen Workshop on International Legal Theory, University of Michigan Law School, November 2013.

Presented "Toward a Legal Theory on the Responsibility to Protect," ASIL Human Rights Interest Group Workshop, Berkeley Law School, November 2013.

Presented "Multiple Codes in the Jus ad Bellum," with Jacob Katz Cogan. ASIL Research Forum, New York University Law School, October 2013.

Presented the paper "Law and the Universal Human Rights Treaties" at The Role of Opinio Juris in Customary International Law conference, Duke Law School Center for International and Comparative Law, Summer Institute in Geneva, July 2013.

Presented the paper "Distributing the Responsibility to Protect," Conference on the Distribution of Responsibilities in International Law, University of Amsterdam, May 2013.