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Carr, Bridgette

Clinical Professor of Law
Human Trafficking Clinic


Bridgette Carr has dedicated her career to advocating for the rights of human trafficking victims and advancing comprehensive domestic and international anti-trafficking policies. Her work focuses on driving paradigm shifts in the way human trafficking victimization is perceived and addressed, and helping reintegrate victims by developing legal solutions that address the complex issues of coercion and victimization around compelled service and its aftermath.

As the founding director of the University of Michigan Law School's Human Trafficking Clinic, the first clinical law program solely devoted to addressing this issue comprehensively, Professor Carr, her colleagues, and a new generation of trainees have provided free legal services to victims since 2009, supporting the wide-ranging needs of men, women, and children, both foreign nationals and U.S. citizens, who have been victimized by a range of trafficking crimes. Using the U-M clinic as a model, Professor Carr is working with university partners around the world to develop similar programs to combat human trafficking and train law students, and has helped establish university law clinics in Mexico, Ethiopia, and Brazil to broaden the network of legal experts who can address the issues of compelled service that transcend international borders. She is the lead author of the first casebook on human trafficking law and policy, which examines the cross-section of criminal justice, civil and human rights, immigration, and international law that frames these issues.

Professor Carr regularly provides human trafficking training to law enforcement, government officials, and healthcare providers, as well as consultations to state and national authorities on the issue of human trafficking. She is a member of the Michigan Human Trafficking Taskforce, a collaborative effort to identify and rescue victims, prosecute offenders, restore victims, and educate those in Michigan of human trafficking, in both sexual and labor exploitation. In 2013, she was appointed to Michigan's first Commission on Human Trafficking by Attorney General Bill Schuette. She also has served as a consultant to the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC), the UN agency focused on criminal justice for victims of human trafficking and migrant smuggling. She has appeared as an expert on human trafficking on "The Today Show," MSBNC, and National Public Radio, and has been quoted in The New York Times and many other news outlets. Professor Carr received her BA, cum laude, from the University of Notre Dame and earned her JD, cum laude, from Michigan Law. During law school, she was a Michigan refugee and asylum law fellow with Amnesty International. Prior to joining the Law School faculty, she was an associate clinical professor at the University of Notre Dame Law School, where she led the Immigrant Rights Project. In 2008, she was awarded a Marshall Memorial Fellowship to study human trafficking issues in Europe.

Recent Publications

Co-author. Human Trafficking Law and Policy. A. Milgram, K. Kim, and S. Warnath, co-authors. New Providence, NJ: LexisNexis, 2014.
MLaw Catalog

"When Federal and State Systems Converge: Foreign National Human Trafficking Victims Within Juvenile and Family Courts." Juv. & Fam. Ct. J. 63, no. 1 (2012): 77-90.
Full Text: MLaw Repository | DeepBlue | Wiley (UMich users) | Wiley


Participated in a one-day workshop, "Legislating and Litigating in the Campaign Against Modern Slavery: Theory Meets Practice," University of Michigan Law School, Ann Arbor, December 2014.​

Moderated a panel on "Contemporary Slavery: Legislating, Litigating, and Organizing to Combat Slavery and Human Trafficking," University of Michigan International Institute, Ann Arbor, December 2014.​

Presented at the 2014 Program on Law and State Government Fellowship Symposium, "In Our Backyard: State Governments Respond to Sex Trafficking of Children," Indiana University-Purdue University Indianapolis, September 2014. ​

Presented "Human Trafficking 101" training for the Wayne County Sexual Assault Forensic Examiner's Advocacy Program, Dearborn, Mich., April 2012.

Testified before the U.S. Commission on Civil Rights for a briefing on "Sex Trafficking: A Gender-Based Civil Rights Violation," Washington, D.C., April 2012.

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