Skip Ribbon Commands
Skip to main content

Calvin Harris

Other New York Murder Exonerations
https://www.law.umich.edu/special/exoneration/PublishingImages/Calvin_Harris.jpg
On the morning of September 12, 2001, as the U.S. reeled in shock in the aftermath of the 911 terrorist attacks, 35-year-old Michele Harris was reported missing by her divorce attorney after she failed to return home from her waitressing job at Lefty’s, a bar in Waverly, New York.

Harris was in the midst of a bitter divorce proceeding with her wealthy 40-year-old husband, Calvin Harris—trial was scheduled for October 2001—but they both were still living in the family home, in separate quarters, in rural Tioga County.

Michele’s van, with the keys still inside, was found parked at the end of the quarter-mile long drive that led to the family’s home. Harris did not report his wife missing when he arose, but instead called the babysitter for their four children to come early so he could leave for work. When she arrived, she reported that Michele’s van was parked at the end of the driveway. Harris said Michele had gone to visit a friend in New York City, even though virtually all access to the city had been shut down in the wake of the terrorist attacks. They moved the van up to the garage and Harris went to work at one of the car dealerships his family owned.

Later that morning, the babysitter called a friend of Michele's, asking if she knew where Michele was. The friend, unaware that Michele had not come home, telephoned Michele's divorce attorney, Robert Miller, who called Lefty’s and confirmed she had left the bar at the end of her shift sometime around 10 p.m.

After a call to Michele's cellphone failed to locate her, Miller reported her missing to police. Michele’s boyfriend, 23-year-old Kevin Earley, who had recently rented an apartment nearby and was hoping to marry Michele, would later tell police that she stopped by his residence for a short visit and then left for home before midnight.

Michele’s body was never found, despite aerial and ground searches of the nearly 300-acre estate where the family lived as well as searches by sonar and divers in Empire Lake, which abutted the Harris property.

Calvin Harris consented to searches of the family home and blood spatter was found in the garage. Evidence technicians would later testify they found blood on the tile floor of a kitchen alcove as well as on door moldings and the wall of the garage.

A tracking device was secretly installed on Harris’s vehicle in the hope that he would lead them to Michele’s body, but to no avail.

In September 2005, four years after the disappearance, a Tioga County grand jury indicted Harris on a charge of second-degree murder.

Prior to trial, defense lawyers filed a motion seeking to dismiss the indictment for insufficient evidence and to review the transcripts of the testimony before the grand jury. Judge Vincent Sgueglia denied that motion in June 2006.

Trial was scheduled for September 11, 2006—the fifth anniversary of Michele’s disappearance. On July 27, 2006, the prosecution turned over 12,000 pages of documents relating to the testimony of prospective prosecution witnesses and the transcript of the grand jury proceedings. About a month later—after the trial had been postponed—the defense filed a renewed motion to dismiss the indictment, the prosecution filed a response in opposition and both sides argued their positions in September 2006.

On Friday, December 15, 2006, Judge Sgueglia summoned the defense and prosecution lawyers to his chambers and advised them he was going to grant the motion to dismiss the indictment. That meeting was never recorded by a court reporter, did not appear in the record and the lawyers eventually disputed what exactly was said. It was not disputed that Judge Sgueglia said he was dismissing the indictment, although no decision was signed or filed on that day.

The following Monday, December 18, 2006, before any decision could be filed, the prosecution filed a motion to disqualify Judge Sgueglia from the case in an apparent effort to avoid the decision Sgueglia had telegraphed three days earlier. The motion said there was “an appearance of impropriety” by Sgueglia.

The judge denied the allegation, but recused himself and on December 19, 2006, Judge Martin Smith was assigned to take over the case. Five weeks later, in January 2007, Judge Smith, after reviewing the case and rehearing arguments, dismissed the indictment.

“Twenty-seven witnesses testified before this grand jury,” the judge said. “Most of those witnesses were permitted, improperly, to offer their opinions as to the state of defendant’s marriage (and) Michele Harris’ intent with regard to the divorce. They gave personal opinions concerning the defendant, his wife, his wife’s boyfriend, the defendant’s net worth, what type of employer the defendant was/is, his character, whether he had or did not have a propensity to commit the alleged crime, whether he was/is a “good” father or a good husband, and in contrast, whether Michele Harris was a good mother, or a good wife. One witness gave what amounted to his opinion as to whether the defendant committed the crime charged.”

The judge recited a laundry list of witnesses who testified to hearsay statements made by Michele Harris as well as hearsay statements about comments made by witnesses who did not testify before the grand jury.

“The amount of hearsay evidence offered by itself was overwhelming,” the judge concluded.

The judge also found that the prosecution made numerous improper comments to the grand jurors.

For example, the judge noted that the prosecutor allowed one witness to testify that he had taken a polygraph test before appearing in the grand jury (and ostensibly passed or else he would not have appeared to testify). Then, when a grand juror asked whether Harris had also taken a polygraph, the prosecutor said the witness could not properly answer that question but that there was a “story” that the prosecutor would tell the grand jurors when the case was over.

“This alone, in this Court’s view, is an error of such proportion as to require dismissal of the indictment by itself, even if no other errors occurred in the presentation,” Judge Smith said. Moreover, at one point when the grand jury foreperson asked the prosecutor whether or not the grand jury was “hearing the entire story” in the case, the prosecutor said, “[Y]ou are hearing what I think is a sufficient case to indict the defendant. Are there more witnesses? Yes, there are more witnesses.”

The judge concluded, “This error as well… warrants dismissal of the indictment by itself and without regard to the other errors in the record. The evidence presented to this grand jury was entirely circumstantial, both as to whether or not Michele Harris is in fact dead, and if so, whether or not this defendant intentionally caused her death.”

Despite the dismissal, the judge allowed the prosecution to seek another indictment with a different grand jury, which is exactly what the prosecution did a month later.

Harris went to trial in Tioga County Supreme Court in May of 2007. Among the witnesses were Harris’s sisters-in-law, whom Harris and his four children visited on the weekend after Michele disappeared. Francine and Mary Jo Harris testified that Michele told them in March 2001 that Harris threatened her, saying he would not need a gun to kill her, that police would never find her body and that he would never be arrested.

The prosecution presented evidence of the discovery of the blood, which a forensic analyst said was “medium-velocity blood spatter” in drops about the size of a pinhead. DNA tests showed the blood could have come from Michele or any of her biological relatives.

The prosecution also presented testimony about the couple’s bitter divorce proceeding and that Michele had rejected an offer to settle the divorce for $740,000. The divorce trial was scheduled for the month after the date of her disappearance.

On June 6, 2007, the jury convicted Harris of second-degree murder. Before he was sentenced, however, a new witness came forward after learning about the guilty verdict in the news.

Kevin Tubbs, a farmer, reported that between 5:30 a.m. and 6 a.m. on September 12, 2001—the morning Michele’s van was found parked at the end of the family driveway—he was pulling a hay trailer along the road in front of the Harris residence. He said he was moving slowly and noticed two vehicles at the end of the Harris driveway—an SUV and a pickup truck. Tubbs said a man and a woman, whom he said resembled Michele, were arguing.

Based on the testimony of Tubbs, Harris’s conviction was vacated and he was granted a new trial. Harris remained free on bond while the prosecution appealed.

The ruling was upheld and Harris went to trial a second time in July 2009. On August 25, 2009, a jury again convicted him of second-degree murder. He was sentenced to 25 years to life in prison.

The Supreme Court’s Appellate Division upheld the conviction, but in October 2012, the New York Court of Appeals set aside the conviction and ordered a new trial. The appeals court held that the trial judge had erred in denying a defense motion to dismiss a prospective juror who said she had a pre-existing opinion about Harris and did not unequivocally say she could set it aside and be fair to both sides. The appeals court also said the judge had failed to give a proper jury instruction regarding certain testimony about Michele’s statements that she feared Harris would harm her. Harris was released on $500,000 bail pending a retrial.

The third trial was moved to Schoharie County, about 150 miles from Tioga County, due to the extensive media attention to the case in Tioga County. Jury selection for the third trial began in January 2015. The trial lasted until May 2015, when a mistrial was declared after the jurors were unable to reach a unanimous verdict.

For his fourth trial, which began March 31, 2016, Harris chose to have the case heard by a judge without a jury. Judge Richard Mott, who was assigned to the case, granted a defense request—a request that had been denied at Harris’s third trial—to present evidence suggesting that Michele was killed by two steelworkers who frequented Lefty’s, the bar where Michele worked.

The defense claimed that both men went out for drinks with Michele after she left her boyfriend’s apartment on the night she disappeared. A witness testified for the defense that one of the two steelworkers burned bloody clothing on September 12, 2001, the day Michele was reported missing. And one of the two steelworkers, according to another witness, later said that Michele was “buried in concrete.”

Bruce Barket, Harris’s lead defense attorney, presented evidence that had been discovered just months earlier, in January 2016, during an excavation of a burn pit on property previously owned by one of the two steelworkers. The property was about seven miles from the Harris home. The evidence recovered included a partial shoulder strap from a bra, a woman’s halter top and other charred fabric that resembled the colors of her waitress uniform—a navy blue golf shirt and khaki shorts.

On May 24, 2016, Judge Mott acquitted Harris of second-degree murder. in August 2017, Harris filed a federal lawsuit seeking damages.

– Maurice Possley

Report an error or add more information about this case.

Posting Date: 6/2/2016
Last Updated: 8/28/2017
State:New York
County:Tioga
Most Serious Crime:Murder
Additional Convictions:
Reported Crime Date:2001
Convicted:2007
Exonerated:2016
Sentence:25 years to life
Race:Caucasian
Sex:Male
Age at the date of crime:40
Contributing Factors:
Did DNA evidence contribute to the exoneration?:No