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CASE NAME:United States v. Juan Ramos
ALL PLAINTIFFS:United States
ALL DEFENDANTS:Juan Ramos, Ramiro Ramos, dba R and A Harvesting
CITATION:
DOCKET NUMBER:01-14019
SOURCE:DOJ/US Attorney Website or Press Release, Lexis Search
TYPE OF CASE:Criminal
RELATED CASE CITATION:
TYPE OF TRIAL:Jury
TRIAL JUDGE(S):
YEAR OF ARREST:2001
YEAR OF VERDICT:2002
TYPE OF COURT:Federal Court
STATE:Florida
FEDERAL DISTRICT:Southern District Court
STATE COUNTY:
AGE OF VICTIM(S):Adult
NUMBER OF VICTIMS:100 +
GENDER OF VICTIM(S):
VICTIM'S COUNTRY OF ORIGIN:Mexico
METHOD OF ENTRY INTO THE U.S.:Undocumented
WAS VICTIM CHARGED WITH A CRIME:
NUMBER OF DEFENDANT(S):2
GENDER OF DEFENDANT(S):Male
TYPE OF INDUSTRY:Labor
CASE CATEGORIZATION:Agricultural Industry
FIRST CHARGE:Conspiracy to keep migrant workers in involuntary servitude
FIRST CHARGE US/STATE CODE CITATION:18 U.S.C. § 371 (18 U.S.C. § 1584)
FIRST CHARGE VERDICT/PLEA:Guilty Verdict
FIRST CHARGE SENTENCE:63 months
SECOND CHARGE:Harboring illegal aliens
SECOND CHARGE US/STATE CODE CITATION:8 U.S.C. § 1324; 18 U.S.C. § 2
SECOND CHARGE VERDICT/PLEA:Guilty Verdict
SECOND CHARGE SENTENCE:84 months
THIRD CHARGE:Interference with commerce through extortion by threats or violence
THIRD CHARGE US/STATE CODE CITATION:18 U.S.C. § 951; 18 U.S.C. § 2
THIRD CHARGE VERDICT/PLEA:Guilty Verdict
THIRD CHARGE SENTENCE:63 months
FOURTH CHARGE:Use of a firearm during a crime of violence
FOURTH CHARGE US/STATE CODE CITATION:18 U.S.C. § 924; 18 U.S.C. § 2
FOURTH CHARGE VERDICT/PLEA:Guilty Verdict
FOURTH CHARGE SENTENCE:63 months
FIFTH CHARGE:
FIFTH CHARGE US/STATE CODE CITATION:
FIFTH CHARGE VERDICT/PLEA:
FIFTH CHARGE SENTENCE:
CORE TERMS:
SENTENCING OPINION CITATION:
LENGTH OF GREATEST SENTENCE:147 months imprisonment
RESTITUTION REQUIRED:$675
FINE IMPOSED:$20,000
FORFEITURE IMPOSED:Property: $3 million
FIRST CLAIM:
FIRST CLAIM US/STATE CODE CITATION:
FIRST CLAIM RESULT:
DAMAGES AWARDED FOR FIRST CLAIM:
SECOND CLAIM:
SECOND CLAIM US/STATE CODE CITATION:
SECOND CLAIM RESULT:
DAMAGES AWARDED FOR SECOND CLAIM:
THIRD CLAIM:
THIRD CLAIM US/STATE CODE CITATION:
THIRD CLAIM RESULT:
DAMAGES AWARDED FOR THIRD CLAIM:
FOURTH CLAIM:
FOURTH CLAIM US/STATE CODE CITATION:
FOURTH CLAIM RESULT:
DAMAGES AWARDED FOR FOURTH CLAIM:
FIFTH CLAIM:
FIFTH CLAIM US/STATE CODE CITATION:
FIFTH CLAIM RESULT:
DAMAGES AWARDED FOR FIFTH CLAIM:
SIXTH CLAIM:
SIXTH CLAIM US/STATE CODE CITATION:
SIXTH CLAIM RESULT:
DAMAGES AWARDED FOR SIXTH CLAIM:
TOTAL AWARD:
APPEAL:Yes
EXPLANATION OF APPEAL:Appealed Sentence
APPELLATE OPINION CITATION:2002 U.S. App. LEXIS 10396 (2002); 130 Fed. Appx. 415 (2005)
HOLDING OF APPEALS COURT:Affirm in Part and Remand in Part
APPEAL STILL PENDING?:No
SUMMARY:

Defendants Ramiro and Juan Ramos, brothers and both labor contractors, supplied undocumented migrant farm laborers to Florida citrus growers. After smuggling workers from Mexico to Florida, defendants used physical violence and threats of physical violence to prevent the workers from leaving their positions until they had repaid their smuggling debt.

Federal authorities began investigating the defendants after being contacted by a local workers’ rights organization.

In June 2002, a federal jury found the brothers guilty on all four counts. They were subsequently sentenced to 147 months imprisonment.

On appeal, the Court of Appeals vacated and remanded in light of the Supreme Court's recent decision in Scheidler, which prohibited convictions for offenses based on extortion that did not involve the actual acquisition of property. On remand, the district court imposed a 180 month sentence based on convictions for conspiracy to violate the law of the United States and harboring illegal aliens.

Approval Status:Approved
Approver Comments:
            
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