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CASE NAME:United States v. Timothy H. Bradley
ALL PLAINTIFFS:United States
ALL DEFENDANTS:Timothy Bradley, Kathleen Mary ODell
CITATION:
DOCKET NUMBER:03-CR-61
SOURCE:Lexis Search
TYPE OF CASE:Criminal
RELATED CASE CITATION:
TYPE OF TRIAL:Jury
TRIAL JUDGE(S):Hon. Joseph A. DiClerico
YEAR OF ARREST:2001
YEAR OF VERDICT:2003
TYPE OF COURT:Federal Court
STATE:New Hampshire
FEDERAL DISTRICT:District Court
STATE COUNTY:
AGE OF VICTIM(S):Adult
NUMBER OF VICTIMS:5 +
GENDER OF VICTIM(S):Male
VICTIM'S COUNTRY OF ORIGIN:Jamaica
METHOD OF ENTRY INTO THE U.S.:Temporary work visa
WAS VICTIM CHARGED WITH A CRIME:No
NUMBER OF DEFENDANT(S):2
GENDER OF DEFENDANT(S):Female and Male
TYPE OF INDUSTRY:Labor
CASE CATEGORIZATION:Agricultural Industry, Landscaping
FIRST CHARGE:Conspiracy to commit forced labor
FIRST CHARGE US/STATE CODE CITATION:18 U.S.C. § 371 (18 U.S.C. § 1589)
FIRST CHARGE VERDICT/PLEA:Guilty Verdict
FIRST CHARGE SENTENCE:60 months + 36 months supervised release
SECOND CHARGE:Forced Labor
SECOND CHARGE US/STATE CODE CITATION:18 U.S.C. § 1589
SECOND CHARGE VERDICT/PLEA:Guilty Verdict
SECOND CHARGE SENTENCE:70 months + 36 months supervised release
THIRD CHARGE:Trafficking into Forced Labor
THIRD CHARGE US/STATE CODE CITATION:18 U.S.C. § 1590
THIRD CHARGE VERDICT/PLEA:Guilty Verdict
THIRD CHARGE SENTENCE:70 months
FOURTH CHARGE:Document Servitude
FOURTH CHARGE US/STATE CODE CITATION:18 U.S.C. § 1592
FOURTH CHARGE VERDICT/PLEA:Guilty Verdict
FOURTH CHARGE SENTENCE:
FIFTH CHARGE:Wire fraud
FIFTH CHARGE US/STATE CODE CITATION:18 U.S.C. § 1343
FIFTH CHARGE VERDICT/PLEA:Guilty Verdict
FIFTH CHARGE SENTENCE:
CORE TERMS:
SENTENCING OPINION CITATION:
LENGTH OF GREATEST SENTENCE:70 months + 36 months supervised release
RESTITUTION REQUIRED:$13,052
FINE IMPOSED:$12,500 + 1,800 special assessment
FORFEITURE IMPOSED:
FIRST CLAIM:
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TOTAL AWARD:
APPEAL:Yes
EXPLANATION OF APPEAL:Appealed Conviction, Appealed Sentence
APPELLATE OPINION CITATION:390 F.3d 145 (2004); 545 U.S. 1101 (2005); 426 F.3d 54 (2005);
HOLDING OF APPEALS COURT:Vacate
APPEAL STILL PENDING?:
SUMMARY:

During the period from 1999 to September 2001, Defendants Bradley and O'Dell lured a total of five seasonal workers from Jamaica to work at defendants’ tree removal company in New Hampshire. On two separate occasions, the defendants travelled to Jamaica to recruit workers. The men who agreed to come to the United States were promised wages of between $10-20 per hour and lodging on defendants’ property.

Once in the United States, victims were paid less than the promised wage and were housed in substandard conditions. Force example, the first two workers were forced to live in a camping trailer which initially lacked basic necessities like running water and heat. To maintain control over the victims, the defendants subjected the workers to verbal assaults, threats, and and physical abuse. Defendants also confiscated victims’ identity documents and plane tickets. When one of the initial recruits fled to New York, Bradley, in the presence of the remaining worker, threatened to travel to New York with his gun to track down the runaway. After the defendants recruited a second group of workers to New Hampshire, O’Dell told the three men that Bradley planned to hire someone in Jamaica to “destroy” the victim who fled to New York. Defendants also impeded the victims’ access to medical care and closely monitored their movements outside of defendants’ property.  

Eventually, several workers fled the property and contacted local law enforcement. A federal jury convicted the defendants on a number of counts related to the forced labor scheme. In January 2004, Bradley and O'Dell were each sentenced to 70 months imprisonment.

An appeals court vacated defendants’ sentences and remanded the case for more proceedings to address possible mitigating circumstances that might have reduced defendants’ sentence. In 2006, the district court declined to alter the sentences.

Approval Status:Approved
Approver Comments:
            
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