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CASE NAME:United States v. Maria Garcia
ALL PLAINTIFFS:United States
ALL DEFENDANTS:Sylvia Munoz Rubio, Maria Garcia, Jose I. Garcia, Elias Botello, Jose J. Garcia, Rogelio Espinoza
CITATION:2003 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 22088
DOCKET NUMBER:02-CR-110S-01, 05-3340
SOURCE:DOJ/US Attorney Website or Press Release, News Article
TYPE OF CASE:Criminal
RELATED CASE CITATION:Docket Number: 02-00523
TYPE OF TRIAL:
TRIAL JUDGE(S):William M. Skretny
YEAR OF ARREST:2002
YEAR OF VERDICT:2004
TYPE OF COURT:Federal
STATE:New York
FEDERAL DISTRICT:Western District Court
STATE COUNTY:
AGE OF VICTIM(S):Adult
NUMBER OF VICTIMS:25 +
GENDER OF VICTIM(S):Male
VICTIM'S COUNTRY OF ORIGIN:Mexico
METHOD OF ENTRY INTO THE U.S.:
WAS VICTIM CHARGED WITH A CRIME:
NUMBER OF DEFENDANT(S):6
GENDER OF DEFENDANT(S):Female and Male
TYPE OF INDUSTRY:Labor
CASE CATEGORIZATION:Agricultural Industry
FIRST CHARGE:Forced Labor
FIRST CHARGE US/STATE CODE CITATION:18 USC 1589
FIRST CHARGE VERDICT/PLEA:Guilty Plea
FIRST CHARGE SENTENCE:46 months
SECOND CHARGE:Trafficking Illegal Aliens into Forced Labor
SECOND CHARGE US/STATE CODE CITATION:18 USC 2421
SECOND CHARGE VERDICT/PLEA:
SECOND CHARGE SENTENCE:
THIRD CHARGE:Harboring Illegal Aliens
THIRD CHARGE US/STATE CODE CITATION:8 USC 1324
THIRD CHARGE VERDICT/PLEA:Guilty Plea
THIRD CHARGE SENTENCE:14 months
FOURTH CHARGE:Violating the Transportation Safety Provisions of the Migrant and Seasonal Worker Protection Act
FOURTH CHARGE US/STATE CODE CITATION:29 USC 1823; 29 USC 1841
FOURTH CHARGE VERDICT/PLEA:
FOURTH CHARGE SENTENCE:
FIFTH CHARGE:Conspiracy
FIFTH CHARGE US/STATE CODE CITATION:18 USC 371
FIFTH CHARGE VERDICT/PLEA:Guilty Plea
FIFTH CHARGE SENTENCE:
CORE TERMS:
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LENGTH OF GREATEST SENTENCE:
RESTITUTION REQUIRED:
FINE IMPOSED:
FORFEITURE IMPOSED:
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TOTAL AWARD:
APPEAL:Yes
EXPLANATION OF APPEAL:Appealed Sentence
APPELLATE OPINION CITATION:164 Fed. Appx. 176 (2006)
HOLDING OF APPEALS COURT:Affirm
APPEAL STILL PENDING?:
SUMMARY:Defendants ran migrant labor camps in New York, east of Buffalo, held 40 undocumented Mexican boys and men virtually as their slaves. Defendants are middlemen who provide low-cost workers from Guatemala, Mexico and other countries to big farms in the US.  The victims performed agricultural work in Orleans and Genesee Counties in New York. The Defendants prevented the workers from leaving by threats of physical harm in case they tried to escape before paying off more than $1,000 in debt for housing, transportation and living expenses. Defendants used operation guards to follow the workers' movement and threatened the workers with physical harm, deportation and arrest if they tried to escape. The deductions which Defendants were taking for the alleged debt to them from the workers' earnings were so large that the workers were left with virtually no pay. The victims, desperate for work, were transported to Buffalo from Arizona in the summer of 2001 in crowded and extremely hot vans without any seats or windows that could be opened. Upon arrival in New York, 30 of the workers were put to live in a farmhouse so small that 11 workers slept in a small room with three beds.

Defendants each eventually pled guilty to lesser charges.  Maria Garcia pled to one count of forced labor; Elias Botello pled guilty to a charge of forced labor conspiracy (37 months); Jose I. Garcia pled guilty to harboring illegal aliens (12 months of probation); Jose J. Garcia pled guilty to harboring illegal aliens (14 months).
Approval Status:Approved
Approver Comments:
            
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