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CASE NAME:United States v. Esperanza Vargas
ALL PLAINTIFFS:United States
ALL DEFENDANTS:Esperanza Vargas, Raul Arriaga Vargas
CITATION:
DOCKET NUMBER:91-CR-521
SOURCE:Lexis Search, News Article
TYPE OF CASE:Criminal
RELATED CASE CITATION:State of California v. Esperanza Vargas
TYPE OF TRIAL:Jury
TRIAL JUDGE(S):Hon. Rudi M. Brewster
YEAR OF ARREST:1991
YEAR OF VERDICT:1991
TYPE OF COURT:Federal Court
STATE:California
FEDERAL DISTRICT:Southern District Court
STATE COUNTY:
AGE OF VICTIM(S):Adult
NUMBER OF VICTIMS:1
GENDER OF VICTIM(S):Female
VICTIM'S COUNTRY OF ORIGIN:Mexico
METHOD OF ENTRY INTO THE U.S.:Undocumented
WAS VICTIM CHARGED WITH A CRIME:No
NUMBER OF DEFENDANT(S):1
GENDER OF DEFENDANT(S):Female
TYPE OF INDUSTRY:Labor
CASE CATEGORIZATION:Domestic Servant
FIRST CHARGE:Involuntary servitude
FIRST CHARGE US/STATE CODE CITATION:18 U.S.C. § 1584
FIRST CHARGE VERDICT/PLEA:Guilty Verdict
FIRST CHARGE SENTENCE:
SECOND CHARGE:Harboring an illegal alien
SECOND CHARGE US/STATE CODE CITATION:8 U.S.C. § 1324
SECOND CHARGE VERDICT/PLEA:Guilty Verdict
SECOND CHARGE SENTENCE:
THIRD CHARGE:Conspiracy to hold a person in involuntary servitude
THIRD CHARGE US/STATE CODE CITATION:18 U.S.C. § 241
THIRD CHARGE VERDICT/PLEA:Acquitted
THIRD CHARGE SENTENCE:
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CORE TERMS:
SENTENCING OPINION CITATION:
LENGTH OF GREATEST SENTENCE:46 months + 36 months supervised release
RESTITUTION REQUIRED:
FINE IMPOSED:$100 special assessment
FORFEITURE IMPOSED:
FIRST CLAIM:
FIRST CLAIM US/STATE CODE CITATION:
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DAMAGES AWARDED FOR FIRST CLAIM:
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TOTAL AWARD:
APPEAL:Yes
EXPLANATION OF APPEAL:Appealed Conviction
APPELLATE OPINION CITATION:1993 U.S. App. LEXIS 5614 (9th Cir. 1993)
HOLDING OF APPEALS COURT:Affirm
APPEAL STILL PENDING?:No
SUMMARY:

Defendant Esperanza Vargas was convicted of holding a Mexican national in involuntary servitude. Defendant brought the then 17-year-old victim to the United States from Mexico. Once in the United States, the victim was kept as a domestic servant in the Vargas home. The victim testified that the defendant maintained control over her through threats and physical violence. The victim also testified that she did not receive a salary and that she was denied access to medical care. Authorities found the victim after receiving an anonymous tip.

Media reports indicate that Esperanza Vargas's adult children, Raul Vargas and Claudia Vargas, were also indicted on federal charges related to trafficking. Raul Vargas is listed in the district court's docket, but no charges are listed as brought or pending. According to a Los Angeles Times article, Raul Vargas pleaded guilty to a single count of assaulting victim J.H.O. and was sentenced to an eight-month jail term.

Approval Status:Approved
Approver Comments:
            
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